Classroom Strategies Assessment System [CSAS]

Structure & Dimensions

The Classroom Strategies Assessment System [CSAS] is based on findings from over 60 years of effective instruction literature that have documented specific teacher practices related to student learning. Effective instruction encapsulates both the methods teachers employ to instruct their students as well as the tools to create positive learning environments, promote student engagement, and manage classroom behavior.

Using this literature base, the Classroom Strategies Assessment System [CSAS] focuses on themes of observable teaching behaviors and skills related to specific teaching styles and models. These practices allow for reciprocal measurement, monitoring, and intervention that facilitate teacher professional development and growth.

The Classroom Strategies Assessment System [CSAS] is guided by the two domains of Instructional Strategies and Behavioral Management Strategies. Five dimensions capture information related to the Instructional Strategies domain and four dimensions encompass the Behavioral Management Strategies domain.

CSS system structure - Instructional strategies dimensions

Instructional Strategies Domain

Adaptive Instruction

Strategies teachers use to respond to their students’ learning needs while teaching. These practices reflect teacher flexibility and responsiveness to students’ needs, as well as methods of differentiated instruction.

Student-Directed Instruction

Strategies teachers use to actively engage students in the learning process. These practices encompass constructivist and hands-on instructional techniques, linking lesson content to prior learning, personal experiences, and cooperative learning.

Direct Instruction

Strategies teachers use to deliver academic content or convey information to students. These practices include direct instruction techniques, modeling, identifying, and summarizing.

Promotes Students’ Thinking

Strategies teachers use to activate student’s thinking about the lesson material. These practices assess teachers’ efforts to get their students to think about their thinking process (i.e., open-ended, what, how, and why).

Academic Performance Feedback

Strategies teachers use to provide specific feedback to their students on their understanding of the material. These practices assess teachers’ efforts to explain what is correct or incorrect with student academic performance.

CSS Behavioral Management Strategies

Behavioral Management Strategies

Proactive Methods

Verbal and nonverbal strategies teachers use to prevent student disengagement and problem behaviors from occurring in the classroom. These practices assess how teachers create a positive classroom environment.

Directives

Strategies teachers use for issuing directions or instructions to students and behavioral expectations in the classroom.

Praise

Verbal and nonverbal strategies teachers use to positively reinforce specific appropriate behaviors in the classroom. These practices assess how teachers respond to positive behavior in the classroom.

Corrective Feedback

Verbal and nonverbal strategies teachers use to correct students’ inappropriate behavior. These practices assess how teachers respond to negative behavior in the classroom.

For information on the CSAS, trainings, and collaborative projects please contact:

Linda Reddy, Ph.D.
Principal Investigator
Email: LReddy@scarletmail.rutgers.edu
Phone: (848) 445-3849 or (732) 289-1365